GERMAN STUDIES REVIEW: Volume XXVII, Number 2 (May 2004)
    Rafael Seligmann's Der Musterjude: A Master Parody of German-Jewish Führer Phantasies

    Frederick Alfred Lubich
    Old Dominion University

    Rafael Seligmann's Der Musterjude is a provocative parody of contemporary German-Jewish relations. It is anchored in the literary trope of the "verkehrte Welt" through which the author spins a wide variety of post World War II German Jewish contradictions and commonalities, ranging from German-Jewish stereotypes to inverted antisemitic prejudices, which the German culture industry retools into philosemitic marketing strategies. The latter elevates the novel's protagonist to the most celebrated Jewish journalist in Germany. Capitalizing on his country's recent fascination with its own fascist and Jewish history, the hero parodies both Hitler and Goldhagen in a sensational attempt to reinterpret Germany's Nazi legacy and mediate, like a latter-day Moses, a new national and German-Jewish identity-only to be thwarted and exposed as a false Jewish prophet.
    Adolf Hitler vs. Henry Ford: The Volkswagen, the Role of America as a Model, and the Failure of a Nazi Consumer Society

    Wolfgang König
    Technische Universität Berlin

    Modeling the consumer society of the United States, Nazi Germany planned to launch its own brand of consumerism with a family of "people's products," the most spectacular of which was the Volkswagen. This article demonstrates how and why the Nazi initiatives for consumer products failed.
    Max Weber: Education as Academic and Political Calling

    Perry Myers
    University of South Carolina

    In the Wissenschaftslehre and the less well-known pedagogical texts, Max Weber (1864-1920) defines the pursuit of knowledge as practiced in the academic world as an honorable task, fostering the political agency of the gebildete Bürger. Specifically, the ideal of value-free science, and the Enquete as portrayed in his political writings, allowed Weber to redefine an "academic calling" in the service of science, and as a force in the political sphere. This essay shows how Weber's thought remained grounded in the older traditions of the Bildungsideal yet expressed a valiant attempt to reconstitute those ideals for the modern world.
    “Rosalind Polkowskis Sehnsucht nach der großen Tat: Monika Marons Roman Stille Zeile Sechs

    Sigrun Leonhard
    Carleton College

    An investigation of personal and political power, Monika Maron's Stille Zeile Sechs explores one woman's reckoning with the emotional and political heritage of the GDR. Part of the genre of "Väterliteratur," the novel allows for comparisons with West German and Austrian authors of the sixties and seventies. In a philosophical context, it represents a meditation on the corrupting aspects of unchecked power. This essay analyzes how these three textual levels are woven together. It shows how the perspectives of psychoanalysis, historical analysis, and gender studies illuminate each other and demonstrates the complexity of the power issue around which the novel revolves.
    Ties of Urban Heimat: West German Cities and Their Wartime Evacuees in the 1950s

    Gregory F. Schroeder
    St. John's University, Collegeville

    Historians have demonstrated that the concept of Heimat served to forge a common German identity after 1870 and to renew West Germany after Nazism. But how did Heimat shape West German responses to the devastation and dislocation of World War II? This article expands current understanding of Heimat by arguing that evacuees who fled the cities during the war employed the notion of urban Heimat to maintain their relationship with their hometowns, despite the fact that many of them were unable to return for years after the war.
    A Home Away from Home? The Hotel as Space of Emancipation in Early Twentieth-Century Austrian Bourgeois Literature

    Bettina Matthias
    Middlebury College

    Hotels, generally overlooked by literary critics as obvious backdrops in travel, were actually a key literary device for several early twentieth-century Austrian authors. As "homes away from home," hotels become the perfect breeding ground and symbol for social interaction in modernity as described by Georg Simmel and Siegfried Kracauer. In these semi-anonymous and capitalized spaces, daughters try to break free from the premodern paternal order. However, the lack of the space's intrinsic qualities ultimately makes the project of emancipation fail and leaves some women with no other option than suicide as the only authentic expression of self.
    A Reappraisal of Germany's Vietnam Policy, 1963-1966: Ludwig Erhard's Response to America's War in Vietnam

    Eugenie M. Blang
    Hampton University

    America's Vietnam War hastened the political demise of Chancellor Ludwig Erhard in 1966. The U.S. request for German financial and military support, along with Erhard's unwavering support of Lyndon Johnson, weakened the chancellor domestically and led to tension with France's Charles de Gaulle. The main casualty was Erhard's effort to encourage Allied initiatives toward German unification. Erhard's failure to reconcile his own agenda with the national interests of the U.S. and French governments helped move West Germany toward a more flexible foreign policy under Willy Brandt.
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